Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples
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Each year ANU normally offers one scholarship to an indigenous Australian to date of the program, as the closing date for some coursework programs may be.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people enjoy quality of life through whole-of-community self-determination and individual spiritual, cultural, physical, social and emotional well-being. Our organisation provides advice and guidance to the Australian Government on policy and budget matters while advocating for community-developed health solutions that contribute to the quality of life and improved health outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.
We represent our members — Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisations ACCHOs that operate in over clinics across Australia, delivering holistic, comprehensive and culturally competent primary healthcare services. The sector is the largest employer of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people across Australia, with well over half of its 6, staff being Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website may contain images, voices or names of people who may have passed away. I understand. Read more Read more We provide informed advice and guidance to the Australian Government on policy and budget matters to achieve sustainable community-developed health solutions for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Read more NACCHO advocates for and actively facilitates the involvement of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in the development of health and wellbeing services for their communities.
Read more We have a national Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander medicines policy leadership role while overseeing several medicines and pharmacy related projects and programs. Read more We are a proud member of the Coalition of Peaks who work in partnership with national, state and territory governments on Closing the Gap.
Indigenous news headlines
Australia fires: Aboriginal planners say the bush ‘needs to burn’. Aboriginal Australians ‘still suffering effects of colonial past’. Archaeologists say they have found ancient banana farms once managed by Australia’s Indigenous peoples. The sites, which date back 2, years, were found on a tiny island north of the mainland in the Torres Strait. Researchers found banana microfossils, stone tools, charcoal and a series of retaining walls at the site. It further dispels the myth that Australia’s native peoples were solely “hunter-gatherers”, researchers said.
Aboriginal Australia’s have been living on and cultivating these lands since the Dating back more than 60, years, the Anangu culture has always been a vital The on-site Cultural Centre provides ample opportunity to get to know the.
Today, [media] the Sydney region has a large Aboriginal population, many of whom are descendants of the original inhabitants who lived here when Captain Cook visited in and the First Fleet arrived in There is much historical information about the people who lived here when the British arrived — about their way of life, the foods they ate, the tools, weapons and equipment they used. The people gained their food by hunting, fishing and gathering, and their foods came from land and marine animals, birds as well as plants.
To obtain foods available in different locations and different seasons, people were relatively mobile. They lived in shelters made from bark and other plant materials as well as sandstone rock-shelters. For Aboriginal life prior to , there is no documentary evidence, and it is archaeological evidence the archaeological record that must be examined to find out about the lives, activities and material culture of people who lived in this land for thousands of years.
The archaeological record is important, as it reveals that many aspects of Aboriginal life changed over time, and people did not always use the same tools and subsistence technologies that were observed when the British arrived. In addition, it provides additional details about some aspects of life that are not described in the historical documents — for example, the range of land and marine animals eaten, and the raw materials used in making tools and weapons.
Archaeological evidence consists of the physical remains left behind after people have been, for example, camping, making tools, weapons and equipment, processing and eating food, and creating representations of animals, humans and other beings. The places where such evidence is found are called archaeological sites. The archaeological evidence at Aboriginal sites is referred to by a variety of names depending principally on the sites’ locations and contents.
Their location is given as either ‘open’ or ‘rock-shelter’, and their contents are called: shell middens, archaeological deposits, stone artefact scatters, engraved images, pigment images, grinding grooves, abraded channels, water holes, stone quarries or sources, stone arrangements, burials, scarred trees, carved trees, mythological sites. More than one type of evidence can occur at a site, for example, rock-shelters with deposit or midden can have pigment images on their walls and ceilings; rock-platforms with engraved images often also have grinding grooves.
Deep Roots for Aboriginal Australian Y Chromosomes
Indigenous Australians are people with familial heritage to groups that lived in Australia before British colonisation. The term Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people , or the person’s specific cultural group their mob , is often preferred, though the terms First Nations of Australia, First Peoples of Australia and First Australians are also increasingly common. The time of arrival of the first peoples on the continent and nearby islands is a matter of debate among researchers.
Other estimates have ranged up to , years  and , years BP. The population of Indigenous Australians at the time of permanent European settlement is contentious and has been estimated at between ,  and 1,,  with the distribution being similar to that of the current Australian population, the majority living in the south-east, centred along the Murray River. Massacres and frontier conflicts involving European settlers also contributed to depopulation.
Australia has a rich Indigenous history dating back tens of thousands of years Indigenous Australians are the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people of.
The history of Indigenous Australians began at least 65, years ago when humans first populated the Australian continental landmasses. The origin of the first humans to populate the southern continent and the pieces of land which became islands as ice receded and sea levels rose remains a matter of conjecture and debate. Some anthropologists believe they could have arrived as a result of the earliest human migrations out of Africa. Although they likely migrated to the territory later named Australia through Southeast Asia , Aboriginal Australians are not demonstrably related to any known Asian or Melanesian population, although Torres Strait Islander people do have a genetic link to some Melanesian populations.
There is evidence of genetic and linguistic interchange between Australians in the far north and the Austronesian peoples of modern-day New Guinea and the islands, but this may be the result of recent trade and intermarriage. Estimates of the number of people living in Australia at the time that colonisation began in , who belonged to a range of diverse groups , vary from , to a million,  and upper estimates place the total population as high as 1.
In the early s it was commonly believed that the Aboriginal population of Australia was leading toward extinction. The population shrank from those present when colonisation began in New South Wales in , to 50, in This drastic reduction in numbers has been attributed to outbreaks of smallpox and other diseases to which the Indigenous peoples had no immunity,   but other sources have described the extent of frontier clashes and in some cases, deliberate killings of Aboriginal peoples.
Post-colonisation, the coastal Indigenous populations were soon absorbed, depleted or forced from their lands; the traditional aspects of Aboriginal life which remained persisted most strongly in areas such as the Great Sandy Desert where European settlement has been sparse. The greatest population density was to be found in the southern and eastern regions of the continent, the Murray River valley in particular. Although the Aboriginal Tasmanians were almost driven to extinction and once thought to be so , other Aboriginal Australian peoples maintained successful communities throughout Australia.
It is believed that the first early human migration to Australia was achieved when this landmass formed part of the Sahul continent , connected to the island of New Guinea via a land bridge. It is also possible that people came by island hopping via an island chain between Sulawesi and New Guinea and the other reaches North Western Australia via Timor.
Note: Individuals listed include those who have self-identified as Indigenous Australians, are recognised as Indigenous Australians by the relevant State Parliamentary Library, or are acknowledged as Indigenous Australians by their local community. The AEC acknowledges the Traditional Owners of country throughout Australia and recognises their continuing connection to land, waters, culture and community. Search the AEC website Search.
The archaeological evidence at Aboriginal sites is referred to by a variety of names (OSL) dating, have been obtained for some 64 sites in the Sydney region.
The usual debate about the place of Australia Day in our national psyche has been overshadowed this year by the tragedy of the bushfires. But as celebrations draw near this weekend , conversations have once again turned to whether Australia should celebrate a day that marks the start of British colonisation of this continent and the destruction of much of Indigenous civilisation. Many Indigenous people see this as a day not for celebration but sadness and anger.
In Ballarat, for example, The Age has reported on the inaugural Survival Day dawn ceremony , which will be held on the banks of Lake Wendouree to honour the strength of local Aboriginal people and their ancestors. Many Indigenous people do not see Australia Day as one for celebration. Credit: Ben Plant. Of course, moving the date would be controversial.
Even though it has been celebrated as a national holiday for only 31 years, ardent nationalists crank up their outrage machine against anyone who calls for a new date or even mentions the violence that started on January 26, Some of this anger is motivated by genuine patriotism but some conservative politicians inflame it as a political issue to drive a wedge between progressives and conservative working class voters. It is hard to know what the public thinks.
National polling in the past few weeks has given mixed signals about whether January 26 has to be the day. A poll for the left-of-centre Australia Institute found 37 per cent think the date is offensive and 56 per cent of people are indifferent about it so long as there is a national day of celebration. The right-of-centre Institute of Public Affairs, however, found 75 per cent of people want to keep the date of January Some Indigenous people, including Indigenous Affairs Minister Ken Wyatt, are reluctant to change the date because they say it is more important to focus on practical issues than this divisive culture war.
Indigenous Australians ‘farmed bananas 2,000 years ago’
Aboriginal people have been in Australia for between 50, and , years. They were a hunter-gatherer people who had adapted well to the environment. There were between , to , Aboriginal people living in Australia when the British arrived in Aboriginal people lived in small family groups and were semi-nomadic, with each family group living in a defined territory, systematically moving across a defined area following seasonal changes.
Groups had their own distinct history and culture. At certain times, family groups would come together for social, ceremonial and trade purposes.
And today, how are Indigenous Australians (Aboriginal and Torres Dating these relics pushed back the recognised arrival date of humans in Australia to at sky, rivers, sites, seasons, plants and animals that surround them.
Three or four years ago, Fallon Gregory downloaded Tinder and matched with someone who was very complimentary — at first. While she was chatting with her match, she became a bit uneasy about how much he kept commenting on her appearance. It was the first time Ms Gregory remembers being racially discriminated against on a dating app. The second he found out about my heritage, he was gone. What Ms Gregory experienced was an example of sexual racism: a sexual or romantic bias against people based on their race, usually directed at people of colour.
Like many other Indigenous Australians, she’s also experienced racist abuse on dating apps, too. It’s believed sexual racism and general racism are linked. A Australian study showed of gay and bisexual men showed a close link between sexual racism and general racist views. The sexual racism that people from minority backgrounds face in online dating has been reported on extensively. As far back as , OkCupid. There are even Twitter accounts like GrindrRacism that post examples of racism on dating apps.
In some cases, this functionality is built into the application itself.